.. , .. . , ( )



: -

: 41-50.

:

,

, . .

E-mail: nlkarpova@mail.ru

,

, . ..., -.

-mail: klemtina@yandex.ru

:

, , . , . , : , .

: , , , , .

:

Family Factors Increasing the Probability of Appearance of Stuttering in a Child (review of foreign studies)

Authors:

Natalia L. Karpova

Dr. of Psychology, Prof., Leading Researcher, Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia

E-mail: nlkarpova@mail.ru

Elena I. Nikolaeva

Dr. in Biology, Prof., Prof., Herzen State Pedagogical University, St. Petersburg, Russia.

E-mail: klemtina@yandex.ru

The article presents studies of recent decades conducted by foreign experts on the occurrence of stuttering, the intensity of its symptoms and the probability of spontaneous recovery of fluent speech. It is shown that stuttering is determined by genetic and epigenetic factors. Genetic factors include certain loci in the genome. Epigenetic factors include relationships and emotional atmosphere in a family, presence/absence of support from siblings or parents.

Key words: stuttering; child; genetic factors; family factors; foreign studies.



1. Ambrose, N., Cox, N. J., &Yairi, E. (1997). The genetic basis of persistence and recovery in stuttering. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 40(3), pp. 567–580. https://doi.org/10.1044/jslhr.4003.567.

2. Ambrose, N. G., Yairi, E., Loucks, T. M., Seery, C. H., &Throneburg, R. (2015). Relation of motor, linguistic and temperament factors in epidemiologic subtypes of persistent and recovered stuttering: Initial findings. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 45, pp. 1226.

3. Anderson, J. D., &Conture, E. (2000). Language abilities of children who stutter: A preliminary study. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 25, pp. 283304.

4. Andrews G, Craig A, Feyer AM, Hoddinott S, Howie P, et al. (1983) Stuttering: A review of research findings and theories circa 1982. J Speech Hear Disord, 48: pp. 226246.

5. Andrews, G., & Harris, M. (1964). The syndrome of stuttering. London, England: Heinemann.

6. Andrews, G. (1985). The epidemiology of stuttering. In R. F. Curlee& W. H. Perkins (Eds.), Nature and treatment of stuttering: New directions (pp. 112). San Diego, CA: College-Hill Press.

7. Andrews, G., Morris-Yates, A., Howie, P., & Martin, N. (1991). Genetic factors in stuttering confirmed. Archives of General Psychiatry 48, pp. 10341035.

8. Beilby, J. M., Byrnes, M. L., & Young, K. N. (2012). The experiences of living with a sibling who stutters: A preliminary study. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 37, pp. 135148.

9. Berqueza A., Kelmana E. (2018) Methods in Stuttering Therapy for Desensitizing Parents of Children Who Stutter. American Journal of 1124 Speech-Language Pathology, 27, pp. 11241138.

10. Berquez, A., Hertsberg, N., Hollister, J., Zebrowski, P., & Millard, S. (2015). What do children who stutter and their parents expect from therapy and are their hopes aligned? Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 193, pp. 2536.

11. Biggart, A., Cook, F., & Fry, J. (2007). The role of parents in stuttering treatment from a cognitive behavioural therapy perspective. In J. Au-Yeung & M. M. Leahy (Eds.), Research, treatment, and self-help in fluency disorders: New horizons. Proceedings of the Fifth World Congress on Fluency Disorders, Dublin, Ireland, July 2528, 2006 (pp. 368375).The International Fluency Association.

12. Bloodstein, O. (1995). A handbook on stuttering (5th ed.). Chicago: National Easter Seal Society.

13. Bloodstein, O., & Ratner, N. B. (2008). A handbook on stuttering (6th ed.). Clifton Park, Canada: Thomson Delmar Learning.

14. Büchel C., Sommer M. What Causes Stuttering? PLoS Biology. 2004. V2(2) P.0159 http://biology.plosjournals.org.

15. Catani M. (2007) Symmetries in human brain language pathways correlate with verbal recall. Proc Nat Acad Sci., 104, P. 17163.

16. Choi D., Conture E.G., Tumanova V., Clark C.E., Walden T.A., Jones R.M. (2018) Young children's family history of stuttering and their articulation, language and attentional abilities: An exploratory study. Journal Of Communication Disorders. Vol. 71, pp. 2236.

17. Cooper E. (1972) Recovery from stuttering in a junior and senior highschool population. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 15, pp. 632638.

18. Cox, N., Kramer, P., & Kidd, K. (1984). Segregation analyses of stuttering. Genetic Epidemiology, 1, pp. 245253.

19. CraigA., HancockK., TranY., CraigM., & PetersK. (2002). Epidemiology of stuttering in the community across the entire life span. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research,45, pp. 10971105.

20. DicksonS. (1971). Incipient stuttering and spontaneous remission of stuttered speech. Journal of Communication Disorders, 4, pp. 99110.

21. DworzynskiK., RemingtonA., RijsdijkF., HowellP., & PlominR. (2007). Genetic etiology in cases of recovered and persistent stuttering in an unselected, longitudinal sample of young twins.American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 16(2), pp. 169178.https://doi.org/10.1044/1058-0360(2007/021).

22. EricksonS., BlockS. (2013). The social and communication impact of stuttering on adolescents and their families. Journal Of Fluency Disorders, 38 (4), pp. 31124.

23. GrigorenkoE.L. (2009) Speaking genes or genes for speaking? Deciphering the genetics of speech and language. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry ,50 (12), pp. 116125.

24. GuitarB. (2014). Stuttering: An integrated approach to its nature and treatment (4th ed.). Baltimore, MD: Lippincott, Williams& Wilkins.

25. HägeA. (2008). Is there a link between the development of cognitive linguistic abilities in children and the course of stuttering? Paper presented at the Third World Congress of Fluency Disorders, Nyborg, Denmark.

26. HoffE. (2003). The specificity of environmental influence: Socioeconomic status affects early vocabulary development via maternal speech. Child Development, 74, pp. 13681378

27. HoffE., & TianC. (2005). Socioeconomic status and cultural influences on language. Journal of Communication Disorders, 38, pp. 271278.

28. HowieP. (1981). Intrapair similarity in frequency of disfluency in monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs containing stutterers. Behavior Genetics, 11, pp. 227238.

29. IverachL., JonesM., McLellanL.F., LynehamH.J., MenziesR.G., OnslowM., & RapeeR.M. (2016). Prevalence of anxiety disorders among children who stutter. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 49, pp. 1328/

30. JohnsonW., BoehmlerR., DahlstromW., DarleyF., GoodsteinL., KoolsJ., NeelleyJ., PratherW., ShermanD., ThurmanC., TrotterW., WilliamsD., & YoungM. (1959). The onset of stuttering. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

31. InghamR. (1983). Spontaneous remission of stuttering: When will the emperor realize he has no clothes on? In D. Prins& R. Ingham (Eds.), Treatment of stuttering in early childhood: Methods and issues (pp. 113135). San Diego, CA: College-Hill Press.

32. KefalianosE., OnslowM., PackmanA., VogelA., PezicA., MensahF., ConwayL., BavinE., BlockS., ReillySh. (2017). The History of Stuttering by 7 Years of Age: Follow-Up of a Prospective Community Cohort // Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 60, pp. 28282839.

33. KelmanE., & NicholasA. (2008). Practical intervention for early childhood stammering: Palin PCI approach. Milton Keynes,United Kingdom: Speechmark Publishing.

34. KelmanE., & WheelerS. (2015). Cognitive behaviour therapy with children who stutter. Procedia - Social and BehavioralSciences, 193, pp. 165174.

35. KlothS.A.., KraaimaatF.W., JanssenP., & BruttenG.J. (1999). Persistence and remission of incipient stuttering among high-risk children. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 24 (4), pp. 253265.

36. KlothS.A.M., JanssenP., KraaimaatF., & BruttenG.J. (1995). Communicative behaviour of mothers of stuttering and non-stuttering high-risk children prior to the onset of stuttering. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 20, pp. 365377.

37. LangevinM., PackmanA., & OnslowM. (2010). Parent perceptions of the impact of stuttering on their preschoolers and themselves. Journal of Communication Disorders, 43, pp. 407423.

38. LauS. R., BeilbyJ.M., ByrnesM.L., & HennesseyN.W. (2012). Parenting styles and attachment in school-aged children who stutter. Journal of Communication Disorders, 45, pp. 98110

39. MånssonH. (2000). Childhood stuttering: Incidence and development. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 25(1), 4757. https://doi. org/10.1016/S0094-730X(99)00023-6.

40. MartinR., & LindamoodL. (1986). Stuttering and spontaneous recovery: Implications for speech-language pathologists. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 17, pp. 207218.

41. McCullochJ.W., FawcetP.G. (1964) Some factors affecting the prevalence of stammering // Brit.J prev. soc.Med., 18, pp. 146151.

42. MillardS.K., & DavisS. (2016). The Palin Parent Rating Scales: Parents’ perspectives of childhood stuttering and its impact. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 59, pp. 950963.

43. MillardS.K., EdwardsS., & CookF. (2009). Parent-child interaction therapy: Adding to the evidence. International Journalof Speech-Language Pathology, 11(1), pp. 6176.

44. NandhiniD., ThalamuthuA., ValarmathiS. KarthikeyenN.P., SrikumariS. (2018) Genetic epidemiology of stuttering among school children in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Fluency Disorders. 58, pp. 1121.

45. NangCh., HershD., MiltonK., LauS.R. (2018) The Impact of Stuttering on Development of Self-Identity, Relationships, and Quality of Life in Women Who Stutter. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 27, pp. 12441258.

46. NikolaevaE.I., BrisbergT.L. (2019) The connection of lateral preferences and the level of intelligence with the severity of speech problems in preschool children. In: Neurobiology of Speech and Language Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference. Olga Shcherbakova Ed), pp. 7172.

47. NikolaevaE., KarpovaN. (2019) The connection of the quality of speech with well-being. In: EHPS19. Conference abstracts. Dubrovnik: EHPS, 2019. P. 835.

48. NippoldM.A., & SchwarzI.E. (1991). Narrative ability in schoolage stuttering boys: A preliminary investigation. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 16(56), pp. 289308.

49. OliveiraC.M., NogueiraP.R. (2014) Prevalence of risk factors for stuttering among boys: analytical cross-sectional study. Sao Paulo Medical Journal, 3, pp. 152157.

50. PanB.A., RoweM.L., SingerJ.D., & SnowC.E. (2005). Maternal correlates of growth in toddler vocabulary production in low-income families. Child Development, 76, pp. 76737782.

51. PellowskiM. W., & ContureE. (2005). Lexical priming in picture naming of young children who do and do not stutter. Journalof Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 48(2), 278294.

52. PlexicoL.W., & BurrusE. (2012). Coping with a child who stutters: A phenomenological analysis. Journal of FluencyDisorders, 37, 275288.

53. PlexicoL.W.; ErathS., ShoresH., BurrusE. (2019). Self-acceptance, resilience, coping and satisfaction of life in people who stutter//Journal of Fluency Disorders,59, p52-63. 12p. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfludis.2018.10.004.

54. PorfertA., & RosenfieldD. (1978). Prevalence of stuttering. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 41, 954956.

55. PoulosMG., WebsterWG. Family history as a basis for subgrouping people who stutter // Journal Of Speech And Hearing Research [J Speech Hear Res] 1991 Feb; Vol. 34 (1), pp. 510.

56. RatnerN.B. (2018) Selecting Treatments and Monitoring Outcomes: The Circle of Evidence-Based Practice and Client-Centered Care in Treating a Preschool Child Who Stutters // Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 49, pp. 1322.

57. RazaM.H., GertzE.M., MundorffJ., LukongJ., KusterJ., SchäfferA.A., DraynaD. (2013) Linkage analysis of a large African family segregating stuttering suggests polygenic inheritance. Human Genetics 132 (4), pp. 385-396.

58. ReillyS., OnslowM., PackmanA., WakeM., BarvinE.L., PriorM., . . . UkoumunneO.C. (2009). Predicting stuttering onset by the age of 3 years: A prospective, community cohort study. Pediatrics, 123(1), pp. 270277.

59. ReillyS., OnslowM., PackmanA., CiniE., ConwayL., UkoumunneO., . . . WakeM. (2013). Natural history of stuttering up to 4 years of age: A prospective community based study. Pediatrics, 132(3), pp. 459467.

60. RustinL. (1995) Parents and families of children with communication disorders//Folia Phoniatrica Et Logopaedica: Official Organ Of The International Association Of Logopedics And Phoniatrics (IALP) PhoniatrLogop] 1995, 47 (3), pp. 12339.

61. SheehanJ., & MartynM. (1970). Stuttering and its disappearance. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 13, pp. 279289.

62. SeiderR., GladstienK., & KiddK. (1983). Recovery and persistence of stuttering among relatives of stutterers. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 48, pp. 402409.

63. Simić-RuzićB., JovanovićAA. (2008) Family characteristics of stuttering children. SrpskiArhivZaCelokupnoLekarstvo, 136 (1112), 62934.

64. SpencerC., & Weber-FoxC. (2014). Preschool speech articulation and nonword repetition abilities may help predict eventual recovery or persistence of stuttering. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 41, pp. 3246.

65. UnicombR., KefalianosE., ReillyS., CookF., MorganA. (2020) Prevalence and features of comorbid stuttering and speech sound disorder at age 4 years. Journal of communication disorders, 84, 105976.

66. WatkinsR.V., YairiE., & AmbroseN. (1999). Early childhood stuttering III: Initial status of expressive language abilities. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 42(5), 11251135.https://doi.org/10.1044/jslhr.4205.1125.

67. WingateM. (1976). Stuttering theory and treatment. Boston: Irvington Publishers, Inc.

68. YairiE. (2004). The formative years of stuttering: A changing portrait. Contemporary Issues in Communication Science and Disorders, 31, pp. 92104.

69. YairiE., & AmbroseN. (1992). A longitudinal study of stuttering in children: A preliminary report. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 35, pp. 755760.

70. Yairi E., & AmbroseN. (1999). Early childhood stuttering I:Persistency and recovery rates. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 42(5), pp. 10971112. https://doi.org/10.1044/ jslhr.4205.1097.

71. YairiE., & AmbroseN. (2005). Early childhood stuttering. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.

72. YairiE., AmbroseN., &Niermann R. (1993). The early months of stuttering: A developmental study. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 36(3), pp. 521528. https://doi.org/10.1044/ jshr.3603.521.

73. YairiE., &SeeryC.H. (2011). Stuttering: Foundations and clinical applications. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

74. ZebrowskiP.M. (2007). Treatment factors that influence therapy outcomes of children who stutter. In E. G. Conture& R. F. Curlee (Eds.), Stuttering and related disorders (3rd ed., pp. 2338). New York, NY: Thieme.


.